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Effect of liquid nitrogen cooling on the permeability and mechanical characteristics of anisotropic shale

Fig. 2 TAW-100 servo-controlled triaxial testing system and assembled shale sample

(2) After LN2 cooling, the strength and brittleness of shale are obviously reduced, leading to the decrease in the ability of shale to resist deformation and failure, thereby helping to decrease the initiation pressure of reservoir stimulation. (3) The brittleness of shale will markedly increase during cryogenic fracturing, thus helping

Secondary migration and leakage of methane from a major tight-gas system

Figure 7: Montney stratigraphic cross-section. Vertical scale bar on left side, 50 m. High-permeability turbidite channel and lobe deposits (yellow dotted pattern) are encased within tighter regional strata (orange shading). Line of section shown on Fig. 5. Well logs shown are natural gamma ray logs. Legend indicates depositional facies, sequence stratigraphy interpretation and well and drill-core information. Used with permission of GCSSEPM12. Turbidite deposits with superior matrix permeability are interpreted to form part of a preferential pathway for the secondary migration of methane (Fig. 4c). Turbidite deposition may have been influenced by syn-sedimentary faulting.

Abstract Tight-gas and shale-gas systems can undergo significant depressurization during basin uplift and erosion of overburden due primarily to the natural leakage of hydrocarbon fluids. To date, geologic factors governing hydrocarbon leakage from such systems are poorly documented and understood. Here we show, in a study of produced natural gas from 1,907 petroleum wells drilled