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The effect of interbedding on shale reservoir properties Kimmeridge Clay Formation

Figure 1. Structural elements of the North Sea showing the framework of the Viking Graben (modified from Dominguez, 2007) with inset of UK Quadrant 16 showing the location of wells studied (modified from DECC, 2013).

Abstract North Sea oil is overwhelmingly generated in shales of the Upper Jurassic – basal Cretaceous Kimmeridge Clay Formation. Once generated, the oil is expelled and ultimately migrates to accumulate in sandstone or carbonate reservoirs. The source rock shales, however, still contain the portion of the oil that was not expelled.

Groundwater baseline water quality in a shale gas exploration site and fracturing fluid-shale rock interaction

Fig. 2 The shallow groundwater chemical composition

At present, the baseline water quality must be firstly obtained to identify potential pollution of the activity and monitoring indicators should be studied for better environmental monitoring. We sampled shallow groundwater, produced waters, shale rock and soil in the Jiaoshiba shale-gas region, SW China and measurements have included water chemistry

Pore evolution in hydrocarbon-generation simulation of organic matter-rich muddy shale

Fig. 4. FESEM images of carbonaceous mudstone and the simulated samples at different temperatures.

However, in the high mature-overmature stage, shale porosity decreased with further increase of temperature and pressure. In contrast to micropores, micro-scale capillary pores and megapores in shale constantly decreased as rise of simulation temperature or pressure, indicating that deep-burial reservoirs was not favorable for free-gas storage; but significant increase of

Mechanism of multi-stage sand filling stimulation in horizontal shale gas well development

Fig. 1. Body-centered cubic and face-centered cubic models of equant spheres.

With consideration to the limitations in the implementation of the mechanical staging technique with bridge plug for shale gas development in the Sichuan–Chongqing area, the technique of multi-stage sand filling stimulation in horizontal wells was proposed to solve the above-mentioned problems. By filling sands in fractures, it is possible to

Strengthening shale wellbore with silica nanoparticles drilling fluid

Fig. 7. SEM images of shale surface (a) nanoparticles within shale and (b) aggregate of nanoparticles plugging a pore throat.

Higher concentration of nanoparticles can induce better plugging effect. However, for the OBDFs, nanoparticles did not show these positive effects like the nano WBDFs, even leaded to some negative effects such as higher filtration and larger Young's-modulus reduction. The main reasons are that the silica nanoparticles can easily disperse in

Deformation mechanism of horizontal shale gas well production casing and its engineering solution: A case study on the Huangjinba Block of the Zhaotong National Shale Gas Demonstration Zone

Fig. 5. Three-dimensional imaging interpretation of multiple bending deformation of casing in Well H1-2.

It is shown that severe casing deformation tends to occur where structural fractures are developed. Besides, casing deformation is mainly in the form of “S”-shape bending vertically. The severely deformed casing is also characterized by obviously transverse shear deformation caused by the high-angle sliding compression of rocks. Therefore, some suggestions

Introduction to the appropriate-stimulation degree of hydraulic fracture networks in shale gas reservoirs

Fig 5 Introduction to the appropriate-stimulation degree of hydraulic fracture networks in shale gas reservoirs

And three concepts were proposed, i.e., shale gas fracture network, ideal fracture network and appropriate-stimulation degree of fracture network. The study results indicate that, at the end of reservoir development, target zones can be classified into three types (i.e., relatively appropriate stimulation zone, transitional stimulation zone, and uncompleted stimulation zone)

Geological characteristics, main challenges and future prospect of shale gas

Fig. 2. Distribution diagram for onshore shale gas fields in the US [3].

It includes non-marine shale gas potential, core technology and equipment for resource deep than 3500 m, complex surface “factory mode” production, human geography and other non-technical factors. (4) Process economic evaluation under the conditions of government financial subsidies. China's shale gas project FIRR is about 8.0%–9.0%. Considering the global shale

Shale high pressure isothermal adsorption curve and the production dynamic experiments of gas well

Fig. 2. Instrument for modeling the shale gas development characteristics.

The study results show that the isothermal adsorption law of the shale reservoir under high pressure was different from the conventional low pressure. The high pressure isothermal adsorption curve had the maximum value in excess adsorption with pressure change, and the corresponding pressure was the critical desorption pressure. The high